Advertisement

Lest We Forget Nazi Atrocities in Cold Research

Published:September 28, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wem.2022.07.004
      We read with interest the recent letter to the editor, “The Use of Unethical Research in Wilderness Medicine Education.”

      Hyde R. The use of unethical research in wilderness medicine education. Wilderness Environ Med. 2022;33(3):362.

      This letter has raised an important issue about medical history. The letter was in response to a presentation on hypothermia at a recent wilderness medicine meeting. A data figure from the infamous Dachau experiments by the Nazis in World War II (published in the Alexander Report and then again by Molnar)
      • Alexander L.
      ,
      • Molnar G.W.
      Survival of hypothermia by men immersed in the ocean.
      was presented for historical perspective and with the caveat that these experiments were “highly unethical.”
      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      References

      1. Hyde R. The use of unethical research in wilderness medicine education. Wilderness Environ Med. 2022;33(3):362.

        • Alexander L.
        The Treatment of Shock from Prolonged Exposure To Cold, Especially in Water. Combined Intelligence Objectives Sub-committee. 1945: 1-228 (http://resource.nlm.nih.gov/101708929. Accessed September 15, 2022.)
        • Molnar G.W.
        Survival of hypothermia by men immersed in the ocean.
        J Am Med Assoc. 1946; 131: 1046-1050
        • Pozos R.
        Nazi hypothermia research: should the data be used?.
        in: Beam T. Sparacino L. Pellegrino E. Hartle A. Howe E. Military Medical Ethics. 2. TMM Publications, Borden Institute, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC2003: 437-461
        • Hayward J.S.
        • Eckerson J.D.
        • Collis M.L.
        Thermal balance and survival time prediction of man in cold water.
        Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 1975; 53: 21-32
        • Moe K.
        Should the Nazi research data be cited?.
        Hastings Cent Rep. 1984; 14: 5-7
        • Martin R.M.
        Using Nazi scientific data.
        Dialogue. 1986; 25: 403-411
        • Giesbrecht G.G.
        • Sessler D.I.
        • Mekjavic I.B.
        • Schroeder M.
        • Bristow G.K.
        Treatment of mild immersion hypothermia by direct body-to-body contact.
        J Appl Physiol (1985). 1994; 76: 2373-2379
        • Giesbrecht G.G.
        Cold stress, near-drowning and accidental hypothermia: a review.
        Aviat Space Environ Med. 2000; 71: 733-752