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Tityus silvestris Pocock, 1897 in Palm Trees in a Region of Central Amazon

      The Arecaceae family accommodates palm species that are densely distributed in the Amazon basin.
      • Clement C.R.
      • Araújo M.
      • Coppens E.G.
      • Reis V.M.
      • Lehnebach R.
      • Rodrigues D.
      Origin and dispersal of domesticated peach palm.
      Some of these plants are of economic importance, such as Bactris gasipes Kunth, which had populations domesticated by Native Americans.
      • Clement C.R.
      • Manshardt R.M.
      A review of the importance of spines for pejibaye palm heart production.
      In the Amazon, palm trees can be used to build houses and canoes,
      • Clement C.R.
      • Manshardt R.M.
      A review of the importance of spines for pejibaye palm heart production.
      and fruits are an important part of the local diet, such as açaí (Euterpe precatoria), tucumã (Astrocaryum aculeatum) and pupunha (Bactris gasipes).
      • Clement C.R.
      • Araújo M.
      • Coppens E.G.
      • Reis V.M.
      • Lehnebach R.
      • Rodrigues D.
      Origin and dispersal of domesticated peach palm.
      In addition to these foods, products such as palm hearts and dendê oil come from palm trees.
      • Clement C.R.
      • Araújo M.
      • Coppens E.G.
      • Reis V.M.
      • Lehnebach R.
      • Rodrigues D.
      Origin and dispersal of domesticated peach palm.
      In the Amazon, several rural communities usually collect the fruits and edible parts of palm trees manually.
      • Clement C.R.
      • Manshardt R.M.
      A review of the importance of spines for pejibaye palm heart production.
      However, these plants may host different dangerous animals that seek shelter and prey.
      • Clement C.R.
      • Manshardt R.M.
      A review of the importance of spines for pejibaye palm heart production.
      ,
      • Silva A.M.D.
      • Sachett J.
      • Monteiro W.M.
      • Bernarde P.S.
      Extractivism of palm tree fruits: a risky activity because of snakebites in the state of Acre, Western Brazilian Amazon.
      During scorpion collection in the central Amazon (Manaus region), Amazonas, Brazil, in September 2019, we found 20 specimens of Tityus silvestris (Pocock, 1897) in spiny palms (Astrocaryum spp.). An adult female was found in a bunch of fruits, while an adult male was detected in the petiole of the plant (Figure 1A, B). Currently, the state of Amazonas, Brazil, is home to 48 species of scorpions distributed in 3 families, namely, Buthidae, Chactidae and Hormuridae.
      • Pocock R.I.
      Report upon the scorpiones and pedipalpi obtained on the lower Amazons by Messrs E.E. Austen and F. Pickard-Cambridge during the trip of Mr. Siemens steamship ‘Faraday.’.
      • Martins J.G.
      • Santos G.C.
      • Procópio R.E.
      • Arantes E.C.
      • Bordon K.C.F.
      Scorpion species of medical importance in the Brazilian Amazon: a review to identify knowledge gaps.
      Figure 1
      Figure 1Palm tree in the Central Amazon (2°47’52.3”S 60°03’24.9”W). A, The red circle indicates where Tityus silvestris was found in Astrocaryum sp. B, An adult female in the bunch of fruits. C, An adult male in the petiole. Photo: JG Martins.
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      References

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        Origin and dispersal of domesticated peach palm.
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        A review of the importance of spines for pejibaye palm heart production.
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        Extractivism of palm tree fruits: a risky activity because of snakebites in the state of Acre, Western Brazilian Amazon.
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